To this day, he’s the kind of guy to strike conversations with strangers in the grocery store. A WWII US Navy Veteran, 93-year old Bill York can say ‘thank you’ in 42 languages, and he prides himself on communicating with almost everyone he meets in their native tongue.
York traveled extensively during the Second Great War. From 1943-1945, he was primarily positioned in the Mediterranean working with the Allies’ Amphibious forces.
On June 6, 1944, the Allies pulled off the largest seaborne invasion in warfare history. For the “D-Day” Normandy Landings, more than 150,000 troops from the U.S., Great Britain, and Canada stormed the beaches of Normandy France in one of the most pivotal battles in the War.
For York, one of the most important stories to preserve is that of his elder brother. “My brother was a smart guy. We were born on a farm in Indiana, and even before I graduated high school he was gone. When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941, he volunteered. After that, I saw my brother one more time.”
York paused before continuing, “I have a picture of me and my brother and my mother. If I get choked up talking about it, it’s because that was the last time, I ever saw him.”
While it’s hard to attribute an exact number to the mass causalities of WWII, most agree the death toll was anywhere between 50 and 80 million — about 3 percent of the world’s population in 1940. “As Patton said, War is hell. It was, is, and always will be,” York said.
Among a dwindling class of surviving veterans, York considers it important to remember the significance of that dreadful time.
“If it were not for those men in D-Day, we might be speaking German, or Nipponese today,” York said.
D-Day’s success can partly be attributed to a decoy strategy York refers to as “The Great Deception.”
“Somebody got the idea to fool Hitler, so they manufactured hundreds of rubber tanks, rubber airplanes, rubber jeeps. Everything rubber . . . and they convinced Hitler with these rubber things. stationed in Dover, England that the invasion was going to occur in Calleis, France. So, [Hitler} took 190 tanks away from Normandy and took them up to Calleis and stationed them there. If he had not moved those, we would have probably lost 10,000 – 20,000 more troops. He moved them and made the invasion less costly, but not much,” York said.
As for his experience in the war, York was mostly stationed off-land. One of the amphibious vehicles he’s perhaps better acquainted with than he’d like to be is the LCT, a landing craft that held a crew of 13. Recalling the two years in which he and 12 other men lived on a LCT, York said, “It was like living in a small house. We were able to cook and get clean water.”
York was first deployed as a passenger on an LST, one of the larger amphibious vehicles, where he had the responsibility of a 20 mm. gun mount. “We were attacked on that voyage,” York recalls.
His ride back to the U.S. was also on an LST. York had expected to see combat onboard a boat headed towards Japan, but then, when the Japanese conceded after the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, he was never required to sail again.
After the War, York found employment as a furrier, working in major department stores in San Francisco, and then in Atlanta where he met his wife, Dot. After marrying, York settled and began his own fur shop, “York’s Furs”, and the old building remains in business to this day in Buckhead.
In memory of his brother and all those who fought, York spoke to a gathering at Dacula Library on June 6, 2019, sharing his research and experiences of World War II.
“He is extremely passionate about this and really has so much knowledge. Our community would do well to come out and hear what he has to say,” said Radsha Shok, from the Dacula branch. The library staff is happy to work with York and hopes to preserve the valuable history he shares.
York has dedicated much of his retired life to researching and studying the War that made him into the man he is today. He has written seven novels and continues to write a monthly column in the Gwinnett Citizen. Those interested in learning more can direct their questions to